Legal forms. CICs must be limited companies of one form or another. A CIC cannot be a charity, an IPS or an unincorporated organization. Limited liability companies that do not have charitable status find it difficult to ensure that their assets are dedicated to public benefit.
What is the difference between a community interest company and a charity?
A CIC is expected to make a profit/surplus whereas a charity is considered as a not for profit which should not profit from the work it carries out. CICs are expected to reinvest their surpluses to do more of their work but can also pay a proportion of this out to the owners or investors.
Is a community interest company not for profit?
A community interest company (CIC) limited by guarantee is a ‘not for profit’ company, this means that it does not operate for private profit. Any profit generated is used to grow and develop its business which is benefiting an identified community, or goes directly to benefit that community.
Should I set up a charity or a CIC?
The biggest difference. The largest difference between a CIC and charity is the source of funding. A CIC will get most of its income from trade, selling something then reorienting the money into the social enterprise. A charity, on the other hand, will be almost entirely reliant on donations and grants.
Do CICs pay tax on donations?
CICs are taxed in the same way as normal companies. They are subject to corporation tax and VAT and a CIC that makes donations to charity can deduct this as a charge when calculating its profit for corporation tax purposes.
Can a CIC pay its directors?
A major advantage of CICs is that their directors can be paid a salary, which means that the founders of the CIC can retain strategic control of the enterprise by sitting on the board as paid directors.
How are community interest companies funded?
CLGs usually raise funds through grants or donations, rather than from shareholders. Details of the regulations and requirements concerning shares and share capital are available from Companies House. Each CIC that is a company limited by shares divides its share capital into units or shares of fixed amounts.
What does it mean when a company is not-for-profit?
What is a not-for-profit organization? Similar to a nonprofit, a not-for-profit organization (NFPO) is one that does not earn profit for its owners. All money earned through pursuing business activities or through donations goes right back into running the organization.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of nonprofit organizations?
Despite the challenges, nonprofits survive through generous donations of money and in-kind donations from benefactors and supporters.
- Advantage: Employee Commitment. …
- Disadvantage: Limited Funding. …
- Advantage: Intrinsic Rewards. …
- Disadvantage: Social Pressure. …
- Advantage: Financial Benefits. …
- Disadvantage: Public Scrutiny.
Does a CIC need a company secretary?
All CICs must be one or other of the two most common forms of company: A company limited by guarantee, or • A company limited by shares. … Please note a private company does not need a company secretary, but if it does appoint one, the details must be delivered to the appropriate Registrar.
Can a CIC own property?
The CIC or charity can own property, and rent space to the other. … The charity would be eligible for a lot more trusts and foundations that only give grants to registered charities, as well as being eligible for gift aid on donations.
Can a CIC convert to a charity?
From 1 September 2018 a CIC has been able to convert into a charitable incorporated organisation (CIO). … Unlike a charitable company, CIOs only need register with the Charity Commission. They do not need to and, in fact, cannot apply to be registered with Companies House.
Can a CIC apply for grants?
Social enterprises, Charitable Incorporated Organisations (CIO) and Community Interest Companies (CIC) are eligible as long as they are not-for-profit or any profit is reinvested in the organisation. This should be clearly stated within the organisation’s governing documents.
Are donations classed as income?
Donation and grant income is not consideration for a supply and is a non-business activity that falls outside the scope of VAT. … If the charity merely acknowledges the gift then that does not make it business income.
Are community interest companies subject to corporation tax?
Community interest companies
Unlike a charity, a CIC is not entitled to any specific corporation tax exemptions. Accordingly, a CIC’s profits are fully taxable unless it can be shown that the terms of the contract are such that, in tax law, the organisation does not amount to a taxable trade.
Is a donation received taxable?
If you’ve received the donation (the Donee):
There’s no tax consequence for you as a beneficiary but you must remember to declare it in your Tax Return (ITR12) as an “Amount Considered Non-Taxable.” This is to make sure that you’re declaring all of your income to SARS, including the non-taxable bits.