“A Model of Christian Charity” articulates God’s high expectations for the settlement and explains the consequences of failure. The sermon was designed to unite the settlers by giving them a common goal—and a common fate if they failed to achieve that goal.
What is the main idea of a model of Christian charity?
As the title of the speech suggests, “A Model of Christian Charity” deals primarily with the idea of giving to others in need. According to Winthrop, this is a cornerstone of the new community he and the other Puritans hope to build. For the wealthy colonists, charity is also a measure of their service to God.
What is Winthrop’s central idea?
In this famous essay written aboard the Arabella during his passage to New England in 1630, John Winthrop (1606-1676) proclaims that the Puritan had made a covenant with God to establish a truly Christian community, in which the wealthy were to show charity and avoid exploiting their neighbors while the poor were to …
What was the purpose of the sermon A Model of Christian Charity?
They needed to be assured that their risks would pay off. So Winthrop’s sermon is part pep talk in which he tells his listeners that better times lie ahead. Our goal, he reminds them, is “to improve our lives to do more service to the Lord; [to insure] the comfort and increase of the body of Christ…
What was the main idea of John Winthrop’s sermon?
The overall theme of the sermon is unity. The colonists are traveling to an untamed wilderness to create an entirely new society, so Winthrop stresses cooperation, as well as the virtues of faith in God’s providence, mercy, and justice as necessary to success.
What was the most famous section of John Winthrop’s sermon?
On the Arbella – one of 11 ships which carried over a thousand Puritans to Massachusetts that in 1630, John Winthrop wrote out his vision for the Massachusetts Bay Colony in a sermon titled “A Model for Christian Charity.” The most famous part of the sermon is a section that refers to “The City on a Hill.” Drawing …
What is a Puritan covenant?
Half-Way Covenant, religious-political solution adopted by 17th-century New England Congregationalists, also called Puritans, that allowed the children of baptized but unconverted church members to be baptized and thus become church members and have political rights.
Who is the primary audience of Winthrop’s sermon?
Recent examinations of A Modell of Christian Charity suggest that the sermon was not only intended for those who would soon be settling in America, but also for those who were growing weary (and by implication becoming disruptive) during the long voyage aboard the Arbella.
What did city upon a hill mean?
The phrase “city on a hill” refers to a community that others will look up to. … John Winthrop used this phrase to describe the Massachusetts Bay colony, which he believed would become a shining example of Puritan perfection.
What is the City upon a Hill speech about?
The sermon is famous largely for its use of the phrase “a city on a hill,” used to describe the expectation that the Massachusetts Bay colony would shine like an example to the world . But Winthrop’s sermon also reveals how he expected Massachusetts to differ from the rest of the world.
Who was John Cotton speaking to in this sermon?
John Cotton was a Puritan leader around 1630. In his sermon he was speaking to the members of his congregation who were immigrating to America.
How is Benjamin Franklin’s idea of virtue connected to Winthrop’s model of Christianity?
Benjamin Franklin’s idea of virtue connects to John Winthrop’s “A Model of Christian Charity” because they advocate similar behaviors like frugality and humility.